Lastly, every individual looking to engage in the endeavor of anabolic steroid use must be aware of the laws concerning anabolic steroid use in their respective country. In most American jurisdictions, it is a felony to use steroids in a manner that constitutes possession with the intent to distribute, as a first offense, anabolic steroid use and lymphoma. In Australia and New Zealand, a first offense constitutes a violation of the Australian Illegal Possession of Anabolic Steroids Act, which is punishable by up to 5 years in jail and a $5,500 fine. In Europe, it is illegal to possess or administer any prescription or over-the-counter (“OTC”) testosterone cream, injectable corticosteroid, or growth hormone-supplementing medicine, and there are criminal penalties for drug trafficking (e.g., a fine exceeding $50,000 and/or up to 3 years in prison). In some countries, a first and subsequent offense are equivalent to a first- and second-degree misdemeanor charges. However, there is little difference between the penalty from the United States for a first offense and a second offense; the penalties are the same, though it is up to individual jurisdictions as to the level of punishment (and if/when a subsequent offense is prosecuted). For information on using steroids, and for a good explanation of the history and legal aspects of anabolic steroid use, see the Drug Abuse Reference Section at www.nal.usda.gov/peds/druguse/aure/use.htm
For a good overview of steroidal effects and safety, see the National Steroid Information Center, which is administered as an educational and research project for the Department of Health and Human Services. The main objectives for this project are the evaluation of scientific knowledge relating to: (1) the relative safety and efficacy of drugs used for sports performance and bodybuilding; (2) the safety and efficacy of synthetic testosterone and natural growth hormone for use for the treatment of patients with endocrine disorders, including human growth hormone deficiency; and (3) the effects of testosterone and growth hormone use during and after pregnancy, breast-feeding, and the postnatal period, anabolic lymphoma steroid and use. The project includes two major components; a health education component and a research component. You can find further information (including a list of study subjects and links to study authors).
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services offers a web site about Anabolic Steroids.
The “Use of Anabolic Steroids in Sport: An Evidence-Based Review of the Scientific Literature” by Miron S. Smith, S.M. Brown, and V.A. Johnson. Pages 61-76 (National Association of Athletic Trainers
Responsible and judicious anabolic steroid use among healthy adult males is a significantly different situation in comparison to anabolic steroid use among children, teenagers, and females(Matsumoto, 1993b; Lai et al. 1999; Toh et al. 2000). In addition to the effects of the steroid on the male reproductive organ (eg, testis and epididymis), it can alter many other body systems (ie, immune responses and hormones), which in turn could affect sexual function. In young women (15–29 years old), the incidence of anabolic steroids administration to women is higher than in men (Jakobsen et al. 2001; Fischbach et al. 1998; Giese et al. 1999). Many different substances have been used in the clinic to alleviate anabolic steroid side effects, such as steroids or antiepileptic drugs. The results presented here are consistent with a recent report of a case series in a pediatric clinic (Lai et al. 2009) where a 12-year-old boy presented with abnormal sexual behaviour, anabolic steroid use and lymphoma.
A single dose of anabolic steroids can cause death in young users (Giese and Chiu, 2002). In contrast, the adverse effects of long-term and repeated use are rare, but do occur. For example, in a case series, 7 users experienced fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events (Iwata et al. 2000; Yamazaki et al. 2001; Kano et al. 2000; Nishihara et al. 2001). In these series, 6 male athletes and 2 female athletes who took doses of 300 mg testosterone and 50 mg cyproterone acetate per day from age 10 to 19 years (years old) died (Iwata et al. 2000; Nakahara, 2001; Yamazaki et al. 2001), and 5 young adults (ages 25, 25, 25, 25, 25) developed acute cardiovascular events, including myocardial infarction, heart failure, and a thrombosis (Iwata et al. 2000; Nakahara, 2001; Yamazaki et al. 2001). In an article published in the Asian Journal of Pediatrics (Matsumoto et al. 1998), the authors proposed a possible association between anabolic steroid overdose and cardiovascular complications in male athletes (Matsumoto et al. 1998).
As with any drug, adverse effects on the heart, liver, kidney, and central nervous system are common. For example, anabolic steroid administration produces elevations in serum thyroxin levels (Giese and Chiu, 2002). Thyroid symptoms may occur,
HCG is also regularly used by many anabolic steroid users as a secondary item along side anabolic steroid use or after use has been discontinued. CPP is a very effective antihypertensive drug, even for men who have had coronary artery bypass surgery. It can be added in to anabolic steroid preparations by the user by adding a small amount into a drink.
Cristal is an antihypertensive used in many sports as a diuretic to increase the total pool of urine. It is also used as a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) to reduce fluid retention while being injected. It can be a valuable add-on.
Crosstalk is a chemical compound that has similar properties to caffeine in that the two compounds bind to receptors in different parts of the body. They can interfere with their absorption and can inhibit or block the action of other drugs at certain dosages. In both cases, the effects of the interaction will be to make the effect weaker or more potent compared to the original substance. Examples of such an interaction might be the addition of nitrate to an anabolic steroids mixture, which is known to decrease androgen production. These two substances are commonly included in several anabolic steroid preparations. In order for their interactions to be felt, each of the compounds must not be taken in the same way and in sufficient dose.
Anabolic steroid use and lymphoma
D-lactate is a non-essential amino acid found in very low levels of animal proteins. There have been a few reports suggesting a potential link between D-lactate and anabolism. Both a human study in which an average dose of 400 mg was taken by 16 subjects and a human subject study in which an average dose of 5mg is taken by 22 subjects, did not find any effects of D-lactate on anabolic steroid responses.
Diphenhydramine is the drug normally found in aldosterone, a steroid that has been shown to inhibit anabolic steroid metabolism at the body’s level. Diphenhydramine was found to be a potent but nonessential anabolic steroid. It blocks the action of both androgens in muscle tissue at the tissue level. It was found with some regularity in the anabolic steroid preparation of some bodybuilders to be very effective in increasing levels at the dosage level needed to enhance an increase in lean body mass and in an anabolic steroid preparation containing D-lactate, to prevent excess weight gain over the course of a training session.
Lastly, every individual looking to engage in the endeavor of anabolic steroid use must be aware of the laws concerning anabolic steroid use in their respective country. This information is particularly critical in regards to Canada, as the laws regarding the use of anabolic steroids in Canada differ quite significantly from those which exist in many other countries.
Responsible and judicious anabolic steroid use among healthy adult males is a significantly different situation in comparison to anabolic steroid use among children, teenagers, and females. Therefore, it is important for adult male users to seek treatment whenever he/she encounters signs of abuse in order to preserve his health and prevent severe long-term consequences.